History of Phosphorus Loading to St. Albans Bay, 1850 – 1990, LCBP Technical Report #7B
Hyde, K., Kamman, N., & Smeltzer, E. (1994). History of Phosphorus Loading to St. Albans Bay, 1850 – 1990 (Technical Report No. 7B). Grand Isle, VT: Lake Champlain Basin Program
This report documents historical point and nonpoint source phosphorus loadings to St. Albans Bay as quantitatively as possible. These estimates were prepared to provide an historical perspective on water quality management issues in the bay and to support a 1994 study by Martin et al. that modeled and analyzed long-term phosphorus accumulation in the bay’s sediments in response to historical phosphorus loading. The scope of this report includes research into the growth of population, industry, and commerce in the City of St. Albans and its surrounding region since 1850. Estimates of point source phosphorus loadings use information on the development of sewers and wastewater treatment facilities in St. Albans. Estimates of historical nonpoint source phosphorus loading used agricultural statistics maintained for Franklin County, Vermont, since 1850.