Clean Water

The diverse ecosystems, working
landscapes, and vibrant communities
that inspire and sustain us depend on
clean water. Learn about pollution
reduction strategies.

Healthy Habitats
Connect Us All

Lakeshores, stream banks, and wetlands are critical to clean
water and biodiversity. Learn about efforts to improve
habitat connectivity in the Basin ecosystem.

We Care for
What We Know

Recreation fosters stewardship of the Basin’s rich
natural and cultural heritage by connecting people
to the landscape while supporting local economies.
Learn about ways to explore the Basin.

Informed Citizens
Make Wiser Choices

Citizens who have an understanding and
appreciation of water resources make informed
choices about actions that might contribute to
pollution. Learn about education programs.

    Water & Environment

    Did You Know?

    More than 300 shipwrecks have been found in Lake Champlain. Some of these shipwrecks are in the Lake Champlain Underwater Historic Preserve and can be visited by scuba divers.
    Find out more

    TMDL Program

    The Federal Clean Water Act requires Vermont and New York to develop Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for lakes and rivers that are not meeting water quality goals. A TMDL is an estimate of the amount of pollution that a body of water can receive without impairing vital uses, such as drinking water supply or support of aquatic life. Because phosphorus is impairing water quality in many parts of Lake Champlain, a phosphorus TMDL was been prepared for the Lake in 2002. In 2011, the EPA disapproved the Vermont portion of the TMDL based on two concerns: the TMDL did not provide sufficient assurance that phosphorus reductions from polluted runoff would be achieved, and there was not an adequate margin of safety to account for uncertainty in the original analysis (particularly for four segments of the Lake: Missisquoi Bay, St. Albans Bay, Northeast Arm, and South Lake). EPA is working in collaboration with technical experts in the region to establish a new TMDL for Vermont by mid 2015. The Lake Champlain phosphorus TMDL is based on phosphorus loading and in-lake concentration targets – these targets can be found in the Lake Champlain management plan Opportunities for Action and in the current State of the Lake report. Phosphorus loading targets for the Vermont-portion of the Basin are currently under review with the TMDL revision, and will become effective when the revised TMDL is released in 2015.

    More about TMDLs


    What is the State of the Lake?

    What is the
    State of the Lake?

    Learn about the health of Lake Champlain in the 2015 State of the Lake report. Read about trends in key indicators of water quality and ecosystem health. Read the State of the Lake report


    Make Some Waves

    From using lake-friendly cleaning products to volunteering with a local watershed group, you can help restore and protect the Lake Champlain Basin. Find out how you can get involved

    Track Our Progress

    Track Our Progress

    Explore the goals and actions of our partners and track our progress online with the Opportunities for Action website. View Opportunities for Action

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    Lake Champlain Basin Program

    Lake Champlain Basin Program
    54 West Shore Road
    Grand Isle, VT 05458
    800-468-5227 (NY & VT)
    or 802-372-3213