Clean Water

The diverse ecosystems, working
landscapes, and vibrant communities
that inspire and sustain us depend on
clean water. Learn about pollution
reduction strategies.

Healthy Habitats
Connect Us All

Lakeshores, stream banks, and wetlands are critical to clean
water and biodiversity. Learn about efforts to improve
habitat connectivity in the Basin ecosystem.

We Care for
What We Know

Recreation fosters stewardship of the Basin’s rich
natural and cultural heritage by connecting people
to the landscape while supporting local economies.
Learn about ways to explore the Basin.

Informed Citizens
Make Wiser Choices

Citizens who have an understanding and
appreciation of water resources make informed
choices about actions that might contribute to
pollution. Learn about education programs.

    Water & Environment

    AIS Laws and Regulations

    Vermont AIS laws and regulations

    Aquatic Plant Transport Law

    On July 1, 2010, Vermont’s 22-year-old invasive species transport law prohibiting the movement of important aquatic invasive species changed. Previously, the law prohibited the transport of the invasive plants Eurasian watermilfoil and water chestnut. With the change, the law now prohibits the transport of all aquatic plants or aquatic plant parts on the outside of a vehicle boat, personal watercraft, trailer, or other equipment.

    Baitfish Regulations

    In 2008 baitfish regulations went into effect to prevent the movement of bait (purchased or wild caught) from one body of water to another. The new regulations were enacted in response to the discovery of viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS), an invasive pathogen, in Lake Ontario in 2005. VHS is a fish disease that has caused significant sportfish kills. The disease spread rapidly throughout the Great Lakes and into other inland water bodies. Revisions to the baitfish regulations go into effect in February 2013.

    Felt soled wader use ban

    A Vermont ban on using felt-soled waders and boots helps curb the spread of aquatic invasive river species. Felt soled waders can contribute to the spread of invasive species such as whirling disease, New Zealand mudsnails, and didymo (an alga commonly referred to as “rock snot”). The ban became effective April 1, 2011.

    Noxious weed quarantine rule

    The Agency of Agriculture passed the Noxious Weed Quarantine Rule in 2002 that regulates the importation, movement, sale, posession, cultivation and/or distribution of certain invasive plants. Noxious weeds are plants in any stage of development, including parasitic plants whose presence whether direct or indirect, is detrimental to the environment, crops or other desirable plants,livestock, land, or other property, or is injurious to the public health.

    New York AIS Laws and Regulations

    Clean Drain Dry Banner

    Aquatic Plant Transport Laws

    New York does not have a state wide aquatic plant transport law. A number of counties and towns, including Warren County in the southern part of the Basin, have passed their own transport laws. New York does have a law that prohibits the transport of water chestnut (or the seeds or nuts), and baitfish regulations that restrict the use of personally collected baitfish to the waters where they are collected from and prohibit their transport from these waters. Only 21 species of fish may now be sold for bait in New York. Except for baitfish sold for use on the same water they were collected from, all baitfish must also be certified to be disease free. Certified disease free baitfish are the only form of live baitfish that may be transported overland without a DEC permit, and these fish must be used within 10 days of purchase.

    Species listing bill

    In July 2012 Governor Cuomo signed legislation (S06826A) that requires the Department of Environmental Conservation, in cooperation with the Department of Agriculture and Markets, to restrict the sale, purchase, possession, introduction, importation and transport of invasive species. Working in consultation with the Invasive Species Council, the state agencies would develop regulations dealing with the disposal and control of invasives, including a list of prohibited species that would be illegal to knowingly possess with the intent to sell, import, purchase or transport. The law goes into effect 180 days after signature.

    Québec AIS Laws and Regulations

    Baitfish regulations

    The Government of Québec enforces the federal fishing regulations under the Fisheries Act which controls the transportation, possession, and use of baitfish. A by-law controls the buying, selling, importation, transport, and stocking of all fish species, alive or dead, was amended in 2012 to include aquaculture and the sale of fish.

    Québec does not have any regulations for plants.


    What is the State of the Lake?

    What is the
    State of the Lake?

    Learn about the health of Lake Champlain in the 2018 State of the Lake report. Read about trends in key indicators of water quality and ecosystem health. Read the State of the Lake report


    Make Some Waves

    From using lake-friendly cleaning products to volunteering with a local watershed group, you can help restore and protect the Lake Champlain Basin. Find out how you can get involved

    Track Our Progress

    Track Our Progress

    Explore the goals and actions of our partners and track our progress online with the Opportunities for Action website. View Opportunities for Action

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    Lake Champlain Basin Program

    Lake Champlain Basin Program
    54 West Shore Road
    Grand Isle, VT 05458
    800-468-5227 (NY & VT)
    or 802-372-3213