|Title:||Concentrations, toxic equivalence, and age-corrected trends of legacy organic contaminants in Lake Champlain lake trout: 2012–2018|
|Author:||James Pagano, Andrew Garner|
|Number of Pages in Article:||12|
|Publication Type:||Technical and Demonstration|
|How to Obtain:||Download Now|
Our study is the first comprehensive, multi-year assessment of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) lake trout concentrations and trends in Lake Champlain (LC). Lake trout whole-fish, fillets, and eggs were collected over the 2012–2018 study period. Total PCB concentrations (395.7 ng/g wet weight (ww)) were the highest average concentration of any contaminant grouping reported in this study. Whole-fish lake trout modeling revealed highly significant (p < 0.05) log-linear correlations for all dioxin-like contaminants measured. Overall contaminant decreases for the 2012–2018 period ranged from 20.9% (total PCNs) to 39.3% (2378-TCDD). Contaminant decreases for total PCBs and total-5-PBDEs were 30.9% and 48.3%, respectively. Of particular significance were the measured total PBDE concentrations (74.3 ng/g ww) found in LC whole-fish lake trout. Log-linear forecasting indicates that whole-fish lake trout TEQs will be below the guidelines protective of wildlife thresholds during the periods 2035–2047 (TRGbird) and 2062–2088 (TRGmammal). Based on current USEPA guidelines, all lake trout fillets from Lake Champlain analyzed for this study exceed the human health cancer screening value of 0.15 pg-TEQ/g ww by a substantial margin (average = 8.61 pg-TEQ/g ww). Dioxin-like trend data collected for Lake Champlain indicates that the mechanisms of contaminant uptake, trends, and yearly percent decline reflect those found in the Great Lakes.